Grand Canyon on the Colorado River in northwestern Arizona, USA is consodered one of the greatest wonders of the nature. In places it reaches 5905 feet in height and that is why is considered one of the deepest canyons in the world. It is about 18 miles wide and 277 miles long. Grand Canyon is one of the seven natural wonders of the world and one of the most popular tourist destinations. Located in the high desert plateaus, the famous canyon, the pride of Arizona, is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site back in 1972, making it one of the top natural wonders on this list.
Before reaching that its majesty, the canyon is more than 10 million years old. According to archaeologists this is the reason four geologic eras of our planet Earth can be seen there – Neoproterozoy, Mezoproterozoy, Paleoproterozoy, Neoarhay and Mezoarhay. During these eras the rocks in the plane under the influence of the ground forces shifted and slammed into each other and eroded. This huge space is not interesting only in size. It is not just a big hole in the ground. Anyone who visit it and look it from its highest point will notice that the canyon is filled with numerous rocks with interesting shapes. Here you can see the natural formations that look like Buddhist temples, small pyramids, towers, walls and much more. All these interesting “facilities” are made from the most skillful builder – mother nature. The bottom of the Grand Canyon is a typical Mexican desert landscape with agave, various cacti and Yuki. The rich flora includes a wide variety of mammals, birds, fish and reptiles. Among the rocks you can see mountain lions, wild sheep, lynx, American coyotes and others.
Grand Canyon visited by over many tourists every year. They come here to experience the unpredictable game of shadows and lights and the wonder of its always changing colors. The best time to visit it is the summer, late spring ir early fall. However the locals recommend the winter as the best season to visit, because then the view really is indescribably beautiful. People can arrive in the area of the Grand Canyon from the north side, which is remote or the south side, which is more accessible. Either way there are several camping sites and a lot of restaurants and hotels. In summer, when there is a height of the tourist season, places are hard to find.
Fall, spring, and even winter are much better suited seasons to visit the Grand Canyon. There are steep at which paths the experienced tourists can descend on foot in the bottom of the canyon. For most adventurous tourists there are helicopter rides over the canyon. You can book such if you are located in Phoenix or Las Vegas for example. There are also airplane and mule rides as well. The last major tourist attraction is the Grand Canyon Skywalk, opened on 28 March 2007. It is a hanging glass terrace (in the form of a horseshoe) off the edge of the canyon. It is visited annually by million tourists, most of whom attended the south side of the park.